Skin wrinkles are a part of growing old. As a person ages, fine lines start to appear on the face, around the eyes, on the forehead, on the lip area and the rest of the body. Skin aging and wrinkles cannot be avoided and there are no methods or techniques available to prevent them from happening. But, there are tips, tricks and home remedies that can be used to delay their formation or improve their appearance.
There are many things that causes wrinkles to develop on the face. In fact, wrinkles on the face appear before they appear on the rest of the body. This is because the face is always in constant movement and the first wrinkles that appear result from facial expressions. So before a person resorts to any sort of treatment for wrinkled skin, they must understand the causes of wrinkles.
Skin wrinkles can be caused by a number of environmental factors and lifestyle choices. Here’s a look at some of the common causes of wrinkles.
What are the Main causes of Wrinkles
Exposure to UV light
There are numerous ways through which you can get exposed to ultra violet light. These include tanning booths, sunbathing, outdoor sports, etc. When your skin is exposed to ultraviolet light, the elastin fibers and collagen in the skin break down. The elastic fibers lie beneath the surface of the skin and they are responsible for supporting the skin. But, when the fibers break down, the make the skin lose its elasticity and become weaker. Wrinkles begin to form when the skin becomes less elastic.
In order to protect yourself from the damage caused by UV light, you must wear protective clothing when you are outdoors. Wearing sunglasses, large brim hats and long sleeve clothes can delay skin aging and formation of skin wrinkles.
Early wrinkles mostly develop in people who work outdoors. Some of the jobs that put workers at a risk of skin wrinkles include beach lifeguards, gardening, golfers, farming and fishing.
Smoking is another common cause of wrinkled skin. When a person smokes, he/she looks older than their real age. This is because smoking restricts flow of blood to the skin which makes it difficult for the skin to get adequate levels of nutrients and oxygen which it needs to stay healthy.
In addition, the chemicals that are contained in the smoke damage the natural fibers and elastin of the skin which causes skin wrinkles and fine lines around the mouth.
Consuming too much sugar
One of the most common causes of wrinkles is eating lots of sugar. Sugar is not only bad for your waistline, but consuming too much sugar also makes you look older.
Sugar is responsible for skin aging and skin wrinkles because when glycation takes places, harmful molecules are created in the bloodstream which damage skin’s elastin and collagen.
Options for treating wrinkles
There is a variety of options available for treating skin wrinkles. The treatment method you resort to however, depends on whether you have deep furrows or surface lines. Basic wrinkle treatment methods such as home remedies and over the counter creams and lotions can help reduce fine lines. However, if you have deeper creases, you may have to opt for more powerful and aggressive techniques such as cosmetic fillers and plastic surgery.
To reduce fine lines, most people use topical creams that are rich in Vitamin A. These help reduce the appearance of wrinkled skin and also prevents roughness and pigmentations.
Active ingredients present in over the counter creams are much lower than those present in prescription creams. So if you have deep lines rather than fine lines, then you may want to seek medical advice first. Active ingredients that can help reduce skin wrinkles include copper peptides, antioxidants, coenzyme Q10, kinetin, alpha hydroxyl acids and retinol.
A less common option for treating wrinkled skin is cosmetic surgery. Dermabrasion is a technique that involves peeling away of the skin’s upper layer with some kind of mechanical means. This surgical procedure is useful for removing tattoos, moles, scars, acne and skin wrinkles.
As with all surgical procedures and methods, dermabrasion also has side effects which usually go away in about 2 weeks. The common side effects include redness, swelling and scabbing. Results using this procedure are not immediate and it may take a couple of months for the patient to get rid of fine lines and wrinkles. Patients may also be required to undergo repeated treatments to keep the fine lines and skin wrinkles from coming back.
Another cosmetic procedure that can help delay skin aging is laser therapy. In this procedure, a light source, laser or radiofrequency is used to destroy the skin’s outer layer. The inner layers of the skin are heated up which allows new collagen fibers to develop within the layers.
Patients who undergo laser therapy start to see results in about a month. The wound takes its time to heal, but when its healed properly, the skin becomes tighter and smoother. More advanced technologies that are being used currently allow wounds to heal more quickly.
Botox is another method that can reduce the appearance of wrinkled skin temporarily. The effects may last between 2 and 6 months. Botox is given in injectable form and when it is injected, it tightens the muscles and gives a smoother appearance to the skin.